Celebrity Biographies

Moss Hart
Theater

Moss Hart (1904-1961), playwright and director, crafted some of the most influential plays of the 1930s and 40s. Hart was born and raised in Manhattan, and received his early theatrical training directing summer stock. His first Broadway success came when he teamed up with George S. Kaufman as his co-writer. In partnership with Kaufman, Hart wrote many successful plays: Once in a Lifetime (1930), Merrily We Roll Along (1934), I'd Rather Be Right (1937), The Man Who Came to Dinner (1939), and George Washington Slept Here (1941). Their You Can't Take it With You (1936) won the 1936 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, has been filmed for television numerous times, and was made into a feature film, directed by Frank Capra, in 1938. Hart's solo efforts include Face the Music (1932), As Thousands Cheer (1933), Winged Victory (1943), Light Up the Sky (1948), and The Climate of Eden (1952). In addition, he wrote the screenplays for Winged Victory (1944), based on his play; Hans Christian Andersen (1952); and A Star is Born (1954).

Hart also directed several plays on Broadway, overseeing Winged Victory, Dear Ruth (1944-46), Light Up the Sky, Miss Liberty (1949-50), Anniversary Waltz (1954-55), The Secret Room (1955), My Fair Lady (1956-62), and Camelot (1960-63). He won the Best Direction of a Musical Tony Award for his work on My Fair Lady. Hart was nominated for two Academy Awards: Best Screenplay, for Gentleman's Agreement (1947), and Best Story, for Broadway Melody of 1936 (1935). Hart was also nominated for two Writers' Guild Awards for Best Written Musical, and his autobiography, Act One, was published to great success in 1959.

Hart was happily married to Kitty Carlyle Hart for fifteen years, and they were the parents of two children.