Martin Scorsese (1942- ), director and producer, is also responsible for bringing an enduring vision of New York to life on screen. While he originally contemplated seminary training, his passion for cinema led him to New York University, where he received his MFA in 1966. Scorsese's lengthy, fruitful partnership with editor Thelma Schoonmaker dates to his first feature film, I Call First, which he directed in 1967. After making Boxcar Bertha (1972), he quickly rose to prominence with Mean Streets in 1973. Scorsese's well-regarded films include Taxi Driver (1976), which received the Palme d'Or at Cannes; Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1974), which brought Ellen Burstyn a Best Actress Academy Award; The Color of Money (1986); Casino (1995); and Shine a Light (2008), a documentary of a concert by the Rolling Stones.
All told, Scorsese's cinematic body of work have received more than sixty Academy Award nominations. Scorsese has received six Best Director nominations for his work on Raging Bull (1980), GoodFellas (1990), The Last Temptation of Christ (1988), Gangs of New York (2002), The Aviator (2004), and a win for The Departed (2006), which also won Best Picture. He has also been nominated for two Best Adapted Screenplay Academy Awards for his work on Goodfellas and The Age of Innocence (1993). Scorsese was awarded the French Legion of Honor in 2005, became a Kennedy Center Honoree in 2007, and received an American Film Institute Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997. He is president of the Film Foundation, a film-preservation organization, and is on the board of the World Cinema Foundation. His film Shutter Island is scheduled for release in 2010, and he is currently working on the HBO series Boardwalk Empire.