Sidney Lumet (1924- ) is one of the twentieth-century's most prolific film and television directors. While Lumet was born in Philadelphia, he completed the majority of his theatrical training in New York at the Professional Children's School, Columbia University, and the Actor's Studio. Professionally, Lumet made his start in television, directing shows like Danger (1951-1953) and You Are There (1953-1955). When he transitioned to features, the first film he directed was the well-received 12 Angry Men (1957). A selection of his films, many of which showcase New York, includes several classics: The Fugitive Kind (1959), Long Day's Journey into Night (1962), Fail-Safe (1964), The Sea Gull (1968), Serpico (1973), Murder on the Orient Express (1974), The Wiz (1978), A Stranger Among Us (1992), and Night Falls on Manhattan (1996). Seventeen actors, including Katharine Hepburn, Al Pacino, and Ingrid Bergman, have received Academy Award nominations under his direction. Lumet also continues to direct television shows and most recently lent his vision to 100 Centre Street (2001-2002).
Lumet has been nominated four times for the Academy Award for Best Director for his work on the films 12 Angry Men, Dog Day Afternoon (1975), Network (1976), and The Verdict (1982). He received an addition nomination, with Jay Presson Allen, for Best Adapted Screenplay with Prince of the City (1981). Lumet also received an Honorary Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2005, and was honored with a Director's Guild of America Lifetime Achievement Award in 1993. He has been nominated for six Best Director BAFTAs and six Best Director Golden Globes, including one win for Network. Lumet recently released Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (2007) and is the father of Jenny Lumet, wrote the screenplay for 2007's Rachel Getting Married.