Helen Hayes (1900-93), the stage and screen actress, was known for decades as the "First Lady of American Theatre." Originally from Washington, D.C., she began as a child actress and made her first appearance at five years old in A Midsummer Night's Dream (1905). Her many theatrical performances include roles on Broadway in The Prince and the Pauper (1913), Pollyanna (1917), Dear Brutus (1918-19), She Stoops to Conquer (1924), Caesar and Cleopatra (1925, 1935), Victoria Regina (1935-38), The Merchant of Venice (1938), Twelfth Night (1940-41), What Every Woman Knows (1964-65), The School for Scandal (1966-67), and Harvey (1970). Her last stage appearance was in Long Day's Journey Into Night (1971). Her filmography includes A Farewell to Arms (1932), The White Sister (1933), What Every Woman Knows (1934), and Anastasia (1956).
Hayes achieved the rare feat of winning competitive Academy, Tony, Grammy, and Emmy Awards. She received two Academy Awards: Best Actress for The Sin of Madelon Claudet (1931) and Best Supporting Actress for Airport (1970). Her three Tony Awards include two Best Actress in a Play wins--for Happy Birthday (1946) and Time Remembered (1958)--and the Vernon-Rice Drama Desk Award (1967). She won a Grammy in 1976 for Bill of Rights recording, and was nominated for eight Emmy awards, including one win in 1953. Hayes also received two Sarah Siddons Awards (1953, 1969) and the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1986). New York's Little Theater was re-named the Helen Hayes Theater in her honor in 1983.