Lauren Bacall (1924- ) has been an iconic stage and screen presence since the 1940s. The New York City native, born Betty Joan Perske, studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts before beginning to work as a model and actress. She first appeared on Broadway in a small part in Johnny 2 X 4 (1942). Her other Broadway appearances include Goodbye, Charlie (1959), Cactus Flower (1965), Applause (1970), Woman of the Year (1981), and Waiting in the Wings (1999). Bacall was brought to Hollywood by Howard Hughes after she made the cover of Harper's Bazaar in 1943. Her films include To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Dark Passage (1947), Key Largo (1948), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953), Sex and the Single Girl (1964), Designing Woman (1957), Murder on the Orient Express (1974), Dogville (2003), and Birth (2004).
Bacall has won two Tony Awards for Best Actress in a Musical in Applause and Woman of the Year. She received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress--and won both a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors' Guild Award--for The Mirror Has Two Faces (1996). Bacall has received two Sarah Siddons Awards (1972, 1984), a Golden Globes' Cecil B. DeMille Lifetime Achievement Award (1993), and Lifetime Achievement Awards from the Stockholm Film Festival (2000) and the Norwegian International Film Festival (2007). She is one of the American Film Institute's 100 Years... 100 Stars Female Legends. The actress, who was married to both Humphrey Bogart and Jason Robards, has written two autobiographies: Lauren Bacall: By Myself (1978), which won the National Book Award, and Now (1994). She is currently doing voice-over work for several films and will receive an Honorary Academy Award in 2009.